Reasons for Drug Abuse
In modern society, addiction has acquired pandemic proportions. Now scientists are actively engaged in finding ways to eliminate negative habits, which takes away the lives of millions. In order to fight and strike more accurately, it is necessary to know the “pain points”, the causes that contribute to the growth of drug addiction.
There are several reasons. Experts warn that in each case it is impossible to rely only on one group of factors. Nowadays, there are several causes of human addiction.
Physiological reasons for addiction
As in other cases of study the dependence of the bad habits, the scientists consider the problem of drug abuse, beginning from the depth of a human central nervous system. The research results of domestic and foreign experts who deal with problems of pathological dependencies note that emotional balance and mood depends on the biochemical exchange taking place in the brain. Imbalances of neurotransmitters generation (special “members” of the exchange) leads to increasing of anxiety, depression and fear. It is manifested in the constant frustration, emotional stress; a person is pursued by some obsessive-compulsive conditions. The body prompts and tries to help a person to get rid of negative feelings: in most cases, the exit is drugs.
The researchers explain it this way: at the cellular level drugs fill space, free due to lack of neurotransmitters that take the body into a state of peace and comfort.
Such liver diseases as hepatitis, and also sexually transmitted diseases, skin infections, which occur for a long time and leave the visible signs of fear, can be referred to the changes of body physiology. Because of the permanent and non-sterile injections drug addicts have deformed veins, there are abrupt disorders of central nervous system. Men’s libido is fading, impotence and premature ejaculation progressing. Addicts’ teeth are destroyed rapidly fall out.
Psychological reasons for drug addiction
- Problems with family. For example, when the parents of a teenager show too much care, limiting his independence and the desire to prove himself as a person. Any extreme has a negative effect here – and access, and lack of parental care, family tyranny, and pamperedness, etc. Scoring in the corner from the extremes, a teenager can hide into a corner of the narcotic influence. Deadlock is inevitable if the adults do not help their children to determine “what is good” and what is the harm of drugs.
- Curiosity – is not a vice … Having changed reward of sayings, the phrase can be continued by something like this: curiosity – is one of the roads leading to addiction, because it often pushes to the novelty of sensations and emotions. The first satisfaction of interest quickly builds the road to a sustainable attraction to bad habits. Moreover, it can be initiated as his own “I”, and – at the suggestion of friends. The first time “high” seems unbeatable pleasure and, as if harmless.
- Imitation of idols. Young people easily fall in imitation of their idols. There are often skip messages in media that this or that idol from scene or film has used drugs and supposedly therefore have succeeded in creative work. Some young people perceive these messages as an example to follow and decide on a risky experiment with the own body.
- Family and society nihilism. Transition age is characterized by its protest mood: teen wants to demonstrate his independence and to establish himself before the peers and adults, as a person. But there are no individual intellectual and personal examples yet. So boys and girls by their protest actions intend to prove, often imaginary “significance.” They egged themselves with the drug.
- Among the social reasons for initiation of human to drugs are met the next ones:
- own lack of discipline, diluted lack of responsibility for made actions;
- internal contradictions;
- personal frustration and self-doubt;
- the desire to raise the prestige of his own before the peers;
- no interest or lack of opportunities to keep a healthy lifestyle;
- the crisis of social and civic values;
- the impact of the negative aspects of asocial culture;
- hidden asocial propaganda of moral and ethical conduct;
- work systems defects of preschool and teen organizations and youth groups;
- virtually uncompetitive relation of propaganda of healthy and impressive examples of immoral life.
Psychological craving for narcotic drugs at the beginning is perceived as an instrument of “buzz.” Over time, it develops into a constant need to maintain a “normal state” of an addict.
The absence of “dope” causes the sufferings and pushes for the search of next dose. The search for money and drugs are the main meaning of life, displacing everything else into the background. A drug addict has a herd instinct of “friends in misfortune” – to find, in that no matter what, the next portion of the dose or the drug itself.
An addict has unforeseen mood swings with acute symptoms of depression. Such changes in the mood of a man, who began taking drugs, are primarily inherent for young people. Therefore, the first who should pay attention at such changes in the behavior of a son or daughter, are the parents and relatives – family members. Fearing punishment, beginning drug addicts are trying to hide their fascination with bad habits. But, it is dubious that attentive parents are not able to notice the appeared indifferent to everything that surrounds, passivity, etc. Sometimes, changes in the behavior are visible by the active passion for specific music, which is perceived by the drug addicts as a psychological anchor.
Opium addicts suffer from insomnia: they sleep during the day and at night are very active.
Drug addicts, receiving heroin, are recognized by much of constricted pupils. They smile for no reason, express meaningless, have a rickety walk and sleepy face expression.
These teens usually do not know how to build relationships with the people around them, they are fearful and impressionable, they find their weakness as own compliance; carefully hide their inability to overcome life’s obstacles.
Not only stealth and secrecy, but, withdrawn within them – all this vicious circle can suddenly open up like a light at the end of the tunnel, to flash with deceptive light of life perspective in the world of drugs.
Social and psychological reasons for drug addiction
Drug addiction is on a number of very dangerous diseases of mankind. Seven out of ten drug consumers have gained bad habit, knowing its effects on the body, and were firmly convinced that at the first signal of danger would be able to stop. But drugs are more treacherous than beginning addicts’ expectations and hopes: psychological dependence and degradation of the individual occur gradually and imperceptibly.
Based on recent studies, scientists have classified the reasons for drug abuse on four levels.
- Biophysical level. The reasons for this are caused by a genetic predisposition to drug use.
- Individually – psychological level includes personal characteristics of the patient, accompanied by inferior way of life and appropriate traction for its compensation by using artificial regulation with psychoactive substances.
- Micro social level of reasons is formed by the environment of young people – family, school, youth – other components, prone to the behavior of drug addicts.
- There is a social group of reasons at the micro-social level, and the social policy is also referred to these reasons: the level of organization of cultural activities, the cost of education, the getting of prestigious profession, low salaries, etc.
Modern human life coupled with constant bursts of negativity, affecting on the psycho-emotional state. In the course of its accumulation, there is a need to explore the “debris” before you dismantle them. Then many things become clear, or at least the direction of movement to find the right solution is determined.
Typically, the formation of drug dependence is complicated; it does not like some kind of formula or a well-defined order of the reaction of the organism. It weaved together many aspects of the personality and characteristics of a teenager. The man did not immediately turns into an addict, there is no common logarithm of behavior, and, therefore, every patient is required for an individual approach.