Drug Addiction is a Social Problem
Nothing unites like trouble. Nothing helps to get out of the maze of problems as experience, knowledge, etc. Today, many countries are affected by the virus drug addiction. If even half a century ago, the drug had a small list of addresses of residence, but today there are few such corners where people do not know about this bad habit. Although in this case the expression “bad habit” sounds very delicately, with respect to the consequences that it leaves behind.
Each region of distribution of narcotic drugs has its own specific development, as they say, a “biography”. Depending on many factors there are produced and perfected particular techniques and tactics.
Methods of struggle against drug addiction
In the US, for example, a focus is on psychological care. Its main purpose is blocking the patient’s craving for drug use. The method is widely used because the country has created appropriate conditions for the development of this direction of struggle with stupefying drugs.
For example, citizens treat psychoanalysts kindly. Throwing all the complexes, people participate in group sessions, which are used by psychotherapists, visit clubs Anonymous drug Addicts, etc.
In post-Soviet countries such practices are unacceptable; they are likely to be doomed to failure, then at least some result. Indeed, there are many different open rehabilitation centers. Domestic experts have borrowed from overseas counterparts, many tricks, at the same time, for obvious reasons, they set ceiling prices. But unlike the “legislators” of modern technologies the efficiency of domestic causes doubt. I don’t know why, drug addicts often return to treatment to rehabilitation centers for the “second round”.
Analyzing the situation, experts agree to the idea that the problem of drug abuse in the countries can be solved in the case of participation in struggle all segments of the population. At lessons in schools, teachers should actively initiate children into the details of the consequences of the use of intoxicating substances. In turn, the school classes will be futile if the parents do not communicate with their children and talk about the dangers of drugs at home. Seniors do not have to let the education of their children to chance, they are obliged to pay their children as much attention as it is necessary for a son or daughter that they do not dare to reckless step to try dope out of “attentive” to the teenage problems stranger hands somewhere in the alley.
Right here, on the street, a young man takes the first step into a pool, called as the drug euphoria. In most cases, painful and a long way back to his family is waiting for him. Prevention of drug abuse among adolescents should be adequate and differently directed, affecting all the weaknesses areas of the psycho-physical development of the child. The opposition “on all fronts”, where one can expect trouble, can serve as a saving draft for a young man, on which he can still swim out to the healthy lifestyle.
As practice shows, the vortex of drug addiction in youth is much stronger than at a later age. This is the additional evidence that the harmful attachment to drugs is the need to be warned as early as possible and not wait until the danger wheel spin up to the maximum.
Drug addiction: mortality among young people
There are about 13 billion of drug addicts in the world, which use strong and injections drugs.
According to researchers of scientists every 10-th family has met the problem of drug dependence. And many of these people die every day.
In general, the problem of drug addiction of society is fixed at the level of “critical” by specialists.
There is a general trend: the main indicators of mortality fall to young people. There are distinguished civil layers that are not capable by the composition of his character, to put psychological protection in front of obstacles. In other words, the socially protected person is less than others prone to the danger to decide on a risky step. Is it difficult to draw into a dangerous game with a drug a person, who has received or is receiving education, a job, has an ability to feed his family, to provide his own way of life, etc.
The man, who does not know where to go, what to do, etc., is prone to experiment with drugs more than others. Lacking a real opportunity to feel firm ground under his feet, he is looking for illusory variants of self-affirmation; to get a false sense of satisfaction of relative rest and detachment from external problems.
The theory is tested in practice in many countries: there are involved in drug trafficking those who have no other way of life. And the same people are engaged in the use of intoxicating drugs. Predominantly black population is engaged in this in the United States and Britain; they still have fewer rights than other layers. According to this experts have concluded that addiction has social roots and is a social phenomenon in a society where there is a bright line between social strata.
The next link, which is crystallized out of a logical chain of drug addiction problems of society – are drug addicts, as a certain caste of social strata, which is resigned to the fact that it is a kind of rudimentary social community and found itself in a different world – a world of illusions.
In spite of some pessimistic views on the problem of drug abuse treatment, the disease is curable. This can be done with great difficulty than any other treatment. It is a social crime to leave the person in such state face to face with an illness. After all, the essence of the painful disease is a weak character of an addict, his inability to fight alone. That means that such people without outside assistance are doomed.
Having armed with a variety of struggle methods with drug addiction, the approach is the same – addiction can be strike with immediate, modern methods of struggle. Unfortunately, they have not yet found an adequate extent and severity of perception. There is a seditious thought that this situation will be continued as long as the powerful people in society do not join in the fight on the side of the patient. And now they are in the shade and observe the “active neutrality”. The theory is following from this that drug addiction should be paid attention at all stages of the danger and from all strata of life. The situation today is convincing evidence that the level of its development and the extent of the struggle are in different planes and not for the benefit of society. The first point of the struggle and its main condition is a parental attitude to the fate of their children.
Drug addiction from the perspective of social pedagogy
Since the young people in a problem of drug addiction of society have a leading position, the disease has social and pedagogical aspects. Each year the average age of the addict is becoming younger.
In this regard, on the one hand, the activity of people who are interested in the distribution of drugs, and on the other hand – the attention of those who are opposed to their harmful impact is concentrated precisely in this social stratum. Right here the appropriate subculture is cultivated, attracting young people. Frank recognitions of idols “play along”. The passivity of the anti-drug propaganda “supports”. And nowadays there is no doubt, for one thing, in direct proportion to the early attempts to dope drugs and progress of the disease. For another, the more complex the illness, the “magnificent bouquet” of personal, social and health implications will be and, therefore, a lower effect of prevention and rehabilitation techniques.
Currently, a large number of children and adolescents remain out of the attention of adults and specialists. They, first of all, need preventive care, if for no reason than they do not “fit” yet for definition of “adverse peers” and have no idea what the primary prevention of drug addiction.
Increasing the number of drug addicted young people, unwillingness to take seriously the threat level of drug addiction, the scarcity in the choice of models of education in the spirit of tolerance of narcotic drugs require new adequate forms of work on the part of society and groups.
Drug addiction: medical and social problematics
One way to find the source of evil in criminology consists in drawing up a psychological portrait of the criminal. Since drug addiction also relates to a tool of evil, let’s try to create a socio-psychological portrait of the image of the “plague” of our time, and having pushed away from him, let us consider the essence of medical and social work.
Society has completely agreed with the myth of the perfect danger of drugs. However, yesterday, at first glance, a normal person turns into today person not because of the drug addict as a tool, but by the manifestation of the qualities that people had before. Human weakness does not allow him to stop and give up the first “dose”. Then he enters the relationship and continues his “hobby.” The drug, in this case, acts as a means of duplicate and replacement of personal qualities that he did not want to cultivate in himself.
Based on this theory, the experts identified a number of personal qualities of drug addicts:
- resentment and vulnerability;
- low level of self-care;
- the lower level of self-esteem;
- the receptiveness of rejections and denials.
Criteria of drug addiction have also been defined:
- fluctuations in the number of taken drugs;
- using of one or additional dose of drug;
- physical state;
- psychiatric complications;
- family and social indicators: the relationship with family members, continuity of residence with his family, having friends, etc.;
- duty relationships.
In short, drug addicts live on the same social and psychological canons formed under the influence of drugs. “Rules of the Game”, established in the drug groups, affect not only on the persons of this group but also on their social environment.
Thus, the significance of another direction in the work with drug addicts increases – medical and social work. It is directed to juridical, educational, psychological, medical and rehabilitation help. The needed propose – is to achieve an optimal level of adaptation existence of people with different pathologies: mental, physical and social.
Drug addiction leads to increasing of population disability. During the attack of the drug, patients can’t control their behavior that sometimes ends with a suicide or serious offenses. Using one syringe all at the same time leads to the spread of hepatitis and HIV infection. Addicts aren’t in a hurry to see a doctor; therefore, the disease is detected with a significant delay. It is much difficult to treat neglected diseases.
Video of the existence of drug addicts is similar horror films. Looking at the suffering of patients, sometimes we can’t believe that the life is possible, having such severe ulcers, wounds from the constant injections. But addicts somehow accept it. Drugs attract and repel from the society. Moreover, having decided on a desperate act, teen necessarily brings in his train a group of peers who are not confident in themselves and do not have the willpower to resist the company.
There is such a tendency – the living conditions in the community and well-being directly effect on beliefs and attitudes.
Among the factors – “drug provocateurs” – are physical and emotional availability of drugs: you can get them without any problems, and, the fate of a drug addict is indifferent to a society.
Ineffectively regulated system of resistance to evil on the part of enthusiastic individuals, public and religious organizations do not solve the problem fundamentally. The state sometimes, to put it mildly, is inconsistent to actions of “social activists.” The situation sometimes resembles the heroes of fable, where everyone draws water to his own mill.
Increase in the number of anonymous rooms, intensive care wards, rehabilitation centers that can serve as the saving thread, pulling for which, you may be able to move the solution to the deadlock and move to a more effective fight against the results of the “plague” of our century – drug addiction of society.